Football academies are the common name for the youth system attached to a professional football club.The majority of football clubs have programs geared towards the development of youth players although in some cases they may be called a Center of Excellence.The process of forming a successful Academy involves the club recruiting and signing multiple young players and developing their football skills in line with the clubs philosophy.Academy selection officially begins at the age of 9 years old, with an annual player review at the end of each season until under 12’s (however some clubs may have a pre-academy, to prepare younger players for Academy life).However…Once a player reaches the Under-12 level, he is likely to be offered a 2-year registration.
The Changes in Youth Football AcademiesIn 1997 Howard Wilkinson introduced the FA’s ‘Charter of Quality’, which completely changed youth football in England.The charter aimed to improve the quality of English football academies, by inducting players into professional club academies, instead of youth club football.However, the Premier League had other plans…In 2011 English youth football had an even more drastic overhaul in the shape of the Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP). Changes from the Charter of Quality included:
- A 4 tier Category System (1 being the highest)
- Changes to the scouting area restrictions allowing Category 1 clubs to recruit throughout the country
- A compensation structure to ensure smaller clubs receive relative compensation for youth players who leave for a bigger club
What Are the Aims of a Football Academy?Each football academy has a different philosophy, aim, and objective.But…In most cases, the goal among professional clubs is to produce quality players.Here are the goals of some of the worlds leading football academies:
- AFC Ajax Academy’s Main Goal: To have three players make it to the first team every two seasons
- Arsenal FC Academy’s Main Goal: To produce first team players
- FC Barcelona Academy’s Main Goal: To have the main squad with players from the academy
- Inter Milan FC Academy’s Main Goal: Two players per year from the youth academy to first team selection
- RC Lens FC Academy’s Main Goal: Eight players from youth academy to first team selection per year
- Sporting Lisbon FC Academy’s Main Goal: Highest number of players to reach the first team of Sporting Clube de Portugal
As you can see one of the main aims of football club academies is to produce players for the first team.This is because it is cheaper to produce homegrown players, plus the player is already aware of the clubs philosophy and culture. This should make the transition to first team football slightly easier.However…In the modern game, a youth academy is also a source of income for the club. The transfer market is big business, and selling players can be lucrative for any club (and also the player).The European Club Association, Report on Youth Academies, 2012 highlighted that:50% of the clubs stated that one of the main Academy objectives was to create economic added value.And60% of the audited clubs consider their youth academy as a source of income, rather than a cost.